G2190 ἐχθρός
gehaat, hatelijk
Taal: Grieks

Statistieken

Komt 32x voor in 13 Bijbelboeken.

Zie hier voor een verklaring van de gebruikte coderingen.

Woordstudie

echthros̱,
Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἐχθρός, -ά, -όν (< ἔχθος, hatred), [in LXX chiefly for אוׄיֵב H342, also for צַר H6146, etc.;] 1. hated, hateful (Hom.): opp. to ἀγαπητός, Ro 11:28. 2. Actively, hating, hostile: Ro 5:10, I Co 15:25, II Th 3:15; c. gen. pers. (cl.), Ja 4:4; τ. διανοίᾳ, Col 1:21; ἐ. ἄνθρωπος, Mt 13:28; as subst., ὁ ἐ., an enemy, I Co 15:26; the devil, Mt 13:39, Lk 10:19; c. gen. pers., Mt 22:44 Mk 12:36, Lk 20:43, Ac 2:35, I Co 15:25, He 1:13 10:13(LXX); Mt 5:43, 44 10:36 13:25, Lk 1:71, 74 6:27, 35 19:27, 43, Ro 12:20, Ga 4:16, Re 11:5, 12; c. gen. rei, Ac 13:10, Phl 3:18.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἐχθρός, ά, όν,
  (ἔχθος) hated, hateful, of persons and things, frequently from Homerus Epicus downwards (Homerus Epicus has it only in this Pass. sense) ; ἐ. γάρ μοι κεῖνος ὁμῶς Ἀΐδαο πύλῃσι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.156, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.312 ; ἐχθρὸν δέ μοί ἐστιν c.infinitive, 'tis hateful to me to.., Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.452; θεοῖσιν ἐ. Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 766, Theognis Elegiacus 601, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 34; ὁ θεοῖσιν ἐ. Plato Comicus 74, etc. ; compare θεοισεχθρός.
__II active, hating, hostile, first in Hesiodus Epicus and Pindarus Lyricus (see. below 111), τινι Demosthenes Orator 10.11, Xenophon Historicus “Agesilaus” 6.1, etc.: with gen., ὕβριος ἐχθρὰν ὁδόν averse from insolence, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 7.90: abs., ἐ. γλῶσσα Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 309 (anap.); ὀργαί prev. author “Eu.” 937 (anap.), etc.; ἀστέρες Vettius Valens Astrologus 143.5.
__III as substantive, ἐχθρός, ὁ, enemy, where the active and passive senses frequently coincide, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 342, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 2.84, etc.; ἀνὴρ ἐ. Herodotus Historicus 1.92; ὁ Διὸς ἐ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 120 (anap.); ἐχθροῖς ἐχθρὰ πορσύνων prev. author “Ag.” 1374; εἴ.. τινα ἴδοι ἐχθρὸν ἑαυτοῦ Thucydides Historicus 4.47; οἱ ἐμοὶ ἐ. prev. author 6.89, etc.—Acc. to Ammonius Grammaticus “περὶ ὁμοίων καὶ διαφόρων λέξεων” p.63 V., ἐχθρός is one who has been φίλος, but is alienated; πολέμιος one who is at war; δυσμενής one who has long been alienated and refuses to be reconciled.
__IV regular comparative ἐχθρότερος Demosthenes Orator “Prooemia” 40.3, “Anthologia Graeca” 5.160 (Hedylus Epigrammaticus or Asclepiades Epigrammaticus) ; superlative -ότατος Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 1.65, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1346 (Lyric poetry), Demosthenes Orator 19.300: but more frequently irregular ἐχθίων, ἔχθιστος (which see).
__V adverb ἐχθρῶς, μισοῦντες Plato Philosophus “Leges” 697d, etc. : comparative -οτέρως Demosthenes Orator 5.18 : superlative -ότατα prev. author 23.149.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἔχθρα G2189 "vijandschap";

Literatuur


Commentaar

Zie de huisregels welk commentaar wordt opgenomen!


Mede mogelijk dankzij