G139_αἵρεσις
innemen, keuze
Taal: Grieks

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'hairesis, zn vr van αἱρέομαι G00138; TDNT - 1:180,27;


1) het nemen, innemen: b.v. een stad bestormen 2) keuze 3) dat wat gekozen is 4) een groep mensen die hun eigen opvattingen hebben (sekte of partij) 4a) van de Sadduceeën 4b) van de Farizeeën 4c) van de christenen 5) geschillen die ontstaan door verschil van opvattingen of doelstellingen


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

αἵρεσις, -εως, ἡ (< αἱρέω, ref target="#αἱρέομαι"-ομαι), [in LXX for נְדָבָה H5071,] 1. capture. 2. choosing, choice (v. MM, VGT, s.v.). 3. that which is chosen, hence, opinion; esp. a peculiar opinion, heresy: I Co 11:19, Ga 5:20, II Pe 2:1, R, txt. 4. In late writers (MM, VGT), of a set of persons professing particular principles or opinions, a school, sect, party, faction: Ac 5:17 15:5 24:5, 14 26:5 28:22, I Co 11:19, Ga 5:20, II Pe 2:1, R, mg. (Cremer, 614).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

αἵρεσις, εως, ἡ,
  taking, especially of a town, Herodotus Historicus 4.1, etc. ; ἡ βασιλέος αἵ. the taking by the king, prev. author 9.3; ἐλπίζων ταχίστην -σιν ἔσεσθαι Thucydides Historicus 2.75 ; αἵ. δυνάμεως acquisition of power, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 513a :—generally, taking, receiving, ἐπιγενημάτων “PTeb.” 27.66 (2nd c.BC).
__B (αἱρέομαι) choice, αἵρεσίν τ᾽ ἐμοὶ δίδου Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 779; τῶνδε.. αἵρεσιν παρδίδωμι Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 10.82 ; followed by relative, αἵ. διδόναι ὁκοτέρην.., εἰ.., etc., Herodotus Historicus 1.11, compare Demosthenes Orator 22.19 ; αἵ. προτιθέναι, προβάλλειν, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 196c, “Sph.” 245b; εἰ νέμοι τις αἵρεσιν Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 265; αἵρεσιν λαβεῖν Demosthenes Orator 36.11; ποιεῖσθαι Isocrates Orator 7.19; αἵ. γίγνεταί τινι Thucydides Historicus 2.61 ; οὐκ ἔχει αἵρεσιν it admits no choice, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.708b.
__B.2 choice, election of magistrates, Thucydides Historicus 8.89, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1266a26, al.; αἱρέσει, opposed to κλήρῳ, 1300a19, etc.
__B.3 inclination, choice, πρός τινα Philipp. cited in Demosthenes Orator 18.166, Polybius Historicus 2.61.9, etc., compare “IG” 2.591b ; opposed to φυγή, Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 3p.62U. ; περὶ αἱρέσεων καὶ φυγῶν, title of treatise by Epicurus.
__B.II purpose, course of action or thought, like{προαίρεσις}, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 256c; ἡ αἵ. τῆς πρεσβείας Aeschines Orator 2.11 ; αἵ. Ἐλληνική the study of Greek literature, Polybius Historicus 39.1.3 :—conduct, PTeb. 28.10 (2nd c.BC).
__B.II.2 system of philosophic principles, or those who profess such principles, sect, school, Polybius Historicus 5.93.8, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 2.29, Polystr. p.20 W., Dionysius Halicarnassensis “Amm.” 1.7, “Comp.” 2, al., compare Cicero, M. Tullius Orator et Philosophus “Epistulae ad Familiares” 15.16.3 ; κατὰ τῶν αἱ., title of treatise by Antipater of Tarsus; περὶ αἱρέσεων, title of Menippean satire by Varro, compare “fragment” 164 ; αἵρεσις πρὸς Γοργιππίδην, title of work by Chrysippus, 3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius 7.191 ; especially religious party or sect, of the Essenes, Josephus Historicus “Bellum Judaicum” 2.8.1; the Sadducees and Pharisees, NT.Act.5.17, 15.5, 26.5; the Christians, prev. work 24.5, 14, 28.22, generally, faction, party, Appianus Historicus “Bella Civilia” 5.2.
__B.II.3 corps of epheboi, “OGI” 176 (from Egypt).
__B.II.4 Astrology texts, 'condition', Ptolemaeus Mathematicus “Tetrabiblos” 21; ἡ ἡμερινὴ αἵ. Vett. Val. 1.13.
__B.III proposed condition, proposal, Dionysius Halicarnassensis 3.10.
__B.III.2 commission, ἡ ἐπὶ τοὺς νέους αἵ. Plato Philosophus “Axiochus” 367a ; embassy, mission, Inscriptiones Graecae 4.937 (Epid.).
__B.III.3 freewill offering, opposed to vow, LXX.Lev.22.18, al.
__B.III.4 bid at auction, τὴν ἀμείνονα αἵ. διδόντι παραδοθῆναι “POxy.” 716.22 (2nd c.AD), compare 1630.8 (3rd c.AD).

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